Ernakulam district formed on 1st April 1958 carving areas of erstwhile Travancore-Kochi-Malabar kingdoms. Major portion of the district is from the Kochi kingdom. The district consists of the mainland Ernakulam, the man made Willington Island, Mattanchery, Fort Kochi, world's most populous area of Vypeen Island, Bolghatty Palace etc. Kochi is the most modern city of Kerala where the best shopping, markets and bazars are located.
From time immemorial Arabs, Chinese, Dutch, British and Portuguese seafarers followed the sea route to Kochi and left their impressions in the town. The Chinese fishing nets, believed to be erected in 1350 AD, swaying in the breeze over backwaters, the Jewish Synagogue, Dutch Palace, Portuguese Architecture, Bolghatty Palace etc. enrich the heritage of Kerala.
The word Ernakulam was drawn from a Tamil word Erayanarkulam means abode of Lord Shiva's.
present Ernakulam District include Paravur, Aluva, Kochi, Kanayannoor,
Muvattupuzha, Kunnathunadu, Kothamangalam Taluks which come under Fortkochi
Revenue Sub Division. Prior
to the formation of Idukki
District, Thodupuzha Taluk was also a part of
Ernakulam District. Ernakulam
District was formed on April 1st 1958.
The District which
has an area of 895.3Sq.K.M.
can be divided geographically as Highland, Midland and Coastal area. The altitude of Highland is about 1000 feet.
borders of the district are the Arabian Sea in the West, Thrissur District in the North, Idukki District in the
East and Alappuzha and Kottayam District in the South. Periyar, Kerala's second largest river flows through all the
Taluks except Muvattupuzha. Muvattupuzha
river and a branch of Chalakkudy river all gifts of this District. Average
rainfall yearly is 3431.8 mm and 139 rain days.
As there are rivers, lakes and seas the region has a moderate climate.
Temperature is between 31.3oCand 25.8oC .
Many types of sands and soil and also rocks which are geological importance
is abundant here.
Majority of islands in Kerala are in Ernakulam district which was from different parts of old Cochin-Travancore-Malabar area. The main islands of this district all man-made Willington Island,World's most populated Vypeen Island, Cheriya Kadamakkudi, Valiya Kadamakkudi, Ramanthuruthu, Ponjikkara, Vallarpadam, Kumbalam, Panangad, Cheppanam, Nettoor, Pizhala, Kankattuthuruthu, Korampadam, Cheranelloor, Chathanadu, Chendamangalam. All these islands are populated areas. All these islands are believed to have formed from the soil accumulated due to soil erosion of highlands.